What Are CBD Terpenes? Are They Important?

Terpenes: Why Add Them to CBD Oil?
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Why Add Terpenes to CBD Oil?

Terpenes are strange compounds. Although you might never have heard of them, you have definitely encountered them before. If you’re a CBD consumer, then you’ve likely come across the term on the label of your CBD oil, meaning you have already consumed terpenes. But even if you’ve never tried CBD, you will have undoubtedly come across terpenes in your day-to-day life.

Terpenes are found in a vast range of plants, including hemp. That’s why they end up in your CBD oil; they come as sort of a package deal with cannabinoids. However, the terpenes in CBD products are not always present immediately. Sometimes, manufacturers add in extra terpenes or additional ones to up the terpene count. Even if you’re using a highly refined, almost pure-CBD product, like CBD distillate, you could still be consuming terpenes.

But what is the benefit of adding terpenes to distillate? There must be some beneficial reason why brands want to give their consumers terpenes on top of CBD. And that reason is precisely what we will be exploring in today’s article.

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are aromatic, volatile compounds found in plants. You will have come across terpenes every time you have smelled flowers or gotten a whiff of fresh fruit. Although you may not realize, we are pretty much surrounded by terpenes.

There are hundreds upon hundreds of terpenes that exist in the world, and over 200 have been detected in cannabis plants. That being said, only a few terpenes in industrial hemp occur in high enough quantities to be considered noteworthy. Brands sometimes add in extra terpenes to supplement naturally occurring ones in the plant matter.

The reason for this is that terpenes are thought to have some beneficial properties. Scientists have been studying terpenes for a while now, and believe that specific terpenes could have particular therapeutic effects. Terpenes are popular in aromatherapy circles for providing holistic, natural healing.

What Are Terpenes in CBD?

It appears that the terpenes in CBD can be beneficial due to their specific effects on the body. There are a few common terpenes that often arise in CBD oils, so let’s investigate them in more detail to find out what you should be looking for.

  • Pinene: The pinene terpene is, unsurprisingly, found in pine needles. It also occurs in numerous other conifers and a few citrus fruits. Pinene has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for millennia, as it is thought to have a few therapeutic benefits. Often, it is used as an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and a bronchodilator. 
  • Linalool:Another common terpene is linalool. The linalool terpene is one that many are familiar with because it has a floral, delicate aroma. Primarily, it is known for its prevalence in lavender. Brands often add linalool to beauty products for its lovely scent, but it is also used as a sleep aid and an anti-anxiety ingredient in aromatherapy.
  • Myrcene: The myrcene terpene is one of the most common terpenes associated with cannabis. It has a dank, earthy, and herbal scent – just like cannabis. Despite being the smallest terpene, myrcene can have powerful effects on the body and is known to produce a tiring effect by making you sleepy. As far as potential medical uses, myrcene has been indicated to be an antibacterial compound that may relieve pain.
  • Limonene: Again, the name gives this one away. The limonene terpene is commonly found in the rinds of citrus fruits. Its scent is one of lemons and citrus fruits. Limonene is known to be an antifungal agent, and it may also boost mood and reduce inflammation. It’s a crucial terpene in CBD because it can increase the absorption rate of other terpenes.
  • Caryophyllene: One of the most exciting terpenes, caryophyllene is found in cloves, cinnamon, and black pepper. It has a spicy, woody aroma. The caryophyllene terpene is unique because it may be able to interact with the endocannabinoid system, just like cannabinoids. Furthermore, it may act as an analgesic and an anti-inflammatory.
  • Humulene: Another common terpene in cannabis, the humulene terpene is best described as ‘hoppy.’ It may act as an appetite suppressant and an anti-inflammatory.

Are Terpenes Important in CBD Oil?

As you can see from the list above, terpenes could have some excellent potential benefits. It appears that they could make a welcome addition to CBD oil.

In fact, many users see CBD with terpenes as more beneficial than a product with no terpenes at all. One of the reasons for this is that users can tailor their experience and elicit more predictable effects by using terpenes.

For example, users looking to use CBD oil in the evening might want to search for a product containing linalool and myrcene. These relaxing, sleep-inducing terpenes might help you to wind down. On the other hand, a CBD oil with terpenes like limonene and caryophyllene could energize you and wake you up. If you’re looking for specific effects, then you might want to search for a terpene CBD oil that lists its particular terpene content.

There’s another reason users prefer a CBD oil with terpenes: The entourage effect.

Terpenes and the Entourage Effect

The entourage effect is a term coined by Ethan Russo, a prominent cannabis scientist. In 2011, Dr. Russo published a detailed report in the British Journal of Pharmacology on the entourage effect. This phenomenon refers to the synergistic behavior of cannabinoids. In simpler terms, cannabinoids work together to produce a heightened, more beneficial effect on the body.

The terpenes in CBD all play a role in the entourage effect, too. For example, beta-caryophyllene is thought to influence cannabinoid receptors directly, and limonene helps the body to absorb other terpenes better.

Many users prefer full-spectrum CBD products for this reason. When you use a full-spectrum CBD product, you get to make use of the benefits from CBD, other cannabinoids, and also terpenes. The effect is thought to be stronger than what you get from a CBD isolate.

Final Thoughts on Terpenes and CBD Oil

So, as it turns out, terpenes are pretty essential. They provide an extra boost to your cannabidiol, helping the body to make use of a daily supplement better. Each terpene is thought to have its own particular benefits, too.

One of the advantages of using a CBD terpenes product is that you get a more predictable experience. Using particular terpenes lets you know what effects you can likely expect from the product. Another advantage is that users of vape products can find a sweet, natural flavor without having to consume artificial flavorings.

Terpenes are not something you should ignore. Next time you’re shopping for CBD, keep your eyes peeled for products with a high terpene content.

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I’m still confused but somewhat understood this

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