The Advantages of a Full Spectrum CBD Oil
Anyone who has shopped around for CBD before will have heard the term ‘full-spectrum’ or ‘broad-spectrum.’ But what do these mean? In short, a full spectrum CBD oil contains complete, unfiltered extract from the whole plant – a full range of cannabinoids and terpenes. Broad-spectrum has some of the cannabinoids removed, but can still be very beneficial.
The opposite of full-spectrum CBD is CBD isolate, which refers to a single cannabinoid on its own. While you can get a hold of THC isolates, CBD isolates are increasingly popular among the medical community, as patients can get the benefits of CBD without ingesting any other cannabinoids.
It is widely believed that full-spectrum products are better for you than isolates (in most circumstances), but why is this the case? All that will be explained in this article. But first, it’s important to note that full-spectrum products may only be legal in states where recreational of medical cannabis is legal, whereas residents in some states may only be allowed to purchase CBD-only products.
Full-Spectrum CBD, Cannabinoids, And What They Do
The Cannabis sativa plant contains over 100 compounds called cannabinoids, all of which are unique to this plant species. Most cannabinoids exist in small amounts, and the majority of them are understudied.
During growth, the plant creates several kinds of cannabinoid acids, which are decarboxylated (activated) by heat to create the active cannabinoids we are familiar with. Two compounds – CBGA and CBGVA – are precursors to these acids, and can later develop into a number of different cannabinoid acids. When heat is added to these cannabinoid acids, they become neutral rather than acidic.
Most cannabinoids are non-psychoactive (unlike the famed THC), but they do have different effects of their own.
VARIOUS CANNABINOIDS IN CANNABIS, AND THEIR EFFECTS
May be able to relieve intraocular pressure, dilate blood vessels, reduce inflammation, protect neurons in mice with Huntington’s disease, kill bacteria, and inhibit muscular contractions in the bladder.
|Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)||Thought to have the ability to relieve symptoms of PTSD, pain, insomnia, inflammation, headaches, Chrohn’s disease, Alzheimer’s, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma, ADHD, and appetite loss.|
|Cannabidiol (CBD)||Could potentially reduce the symptoms of seizure disorders like epilepsy, pain and inflammation, anxiety and depression, multiple sclerosis, and opioid withdrawals.|
|Cannabichromene (CBC)||Like other cannabinoids, CBD might be able to relieve inflammation; it could also have the potential to reduce symptoms of acne, depression, and Alzheimer’s.|
|Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)||THCV could potentially suppress appetite, regulate blood sugar levels, reduce panic attacks, assist with Alzheimer’s, and stimulate bone growth.|
Of course, there are too many cannabinoids to mention here, but all of them have plenty of benefits that you might want to consider. But why do they all produce these effects?
The endocannabinoid system
All mammals have an in-built system called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This is comprised of a network of cannabinoid receptors and endocannabinoids, which we produce ourselves. These endocannabinoids are created as and when we need them, and act as messengers throughout the body.
They do this by binding with specific cannabinoid receptors, which sit on the surface of cells and wait to receive these signals. When endocannabinoids pass along a message via the receptors, the body can respond accordingly and adapt to changing conditions.
It is important for the body to remain in balance, within certain temperature constraints, receiving a certain amount of sleep, etc. The endocannabinoid system is responsible for keeping this balance and ensuring that the body maintains homeostasis. It regulates functions such as temperature, sleep, mood, appetite, pain, and more, which is why it plays a role in a number of illnesses. There are some schools of thought which suggest a deficiency of endocannabinoids is related to many adverse conditions.
But it’s not just endocannabinoids that can interact with our cannabinoid receptors – phytocannabinoids (those that come from plants) can too. This is why cannabinoids with particular effects can be beneficial, since they can interact with the receptors to provoke these medicinal benefits.
The entourage effect
Although cannabinoids have advantageous properties individually, it turns out that it’s actually better to take them together. A 2011 study by Ethan Russo, M.D., suggests that cannabinoids have a synergistic effects, which essentially means they make each other more powerful. Even terpenes (the fragrant compounds that give cannabis its smell and taste) contribute to this effect.
One of the most well-known examples of the entourage effect is CBD’s potential to counteract the high caused by CBD. A study conducted by Dalton et al. in 1976 found that the psychoactive effects of THC are decreased when CBD is also administered.
With abilities to balance each other out, a collection of cannabinoids can aid in plenty more conditions. The ECS can use whichever cannabinoids it needs to its advantage.
The advantages of a full spectrum CBD oil
Due to the entourage effect, a full spectrum CBD oil can assist in a variety of health-related complications:
|Gastrointestinal disorders||THC can improve your appetite and make you eat more, making it useful for eating disorders. CBD can reduce nausea, and can also reduce appetite in obese people. Therefore, taking a combination of both can get you exactly where you need to be.|
|Mood and mental health disorders||THC is known for elevating mood, but it is also able to provoke paranoia and anxiety. However, CBD’s ability to counteract this makes the uplifting effects much more effective.|
|Neurological disorders||There are several cannabinoids which are thought to be neuroprotectants, able to ease the symptoms of conditions like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s.|
The possibilities of full-spectrum CBD oils are pretty much endless. When shopping for CBD oils, you should try to look for full-spectrum or broad-spectrum products that can deliver you with the most benefits possible.
For some, CBD isolates might be more appropriate – for example, if you live in a state with strict laws or if you are concerned about taking a variety of cannabinoids. However, most people are recommended to take full-spectrum products that can give you the benefits from CBD, THC, CBG, CBC and more. These products could potentially help you to relieve pain, reduce stress, and improve your sleeping pattern, as well as just stay healthy year-round.